Women should know Causes of cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervix. Which the cervix is ​​like a hollow tube That connects the lower uterus and vagina Cervical cancer cells usually arise on the surface of the cervix. Most of the time, cervical cancer is caused by a type of virus called the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

– cervical cancer Usually do not show any symptoms Out until it is in the spreading phase. The symptoms that may indicate a risk of cervical cancer are as follows.

– abnormal bleeding, such as bleeding during menstruation Bleeding after sex

– abnormal urine output such as color, odor and urination

– urinating more often

– pelvic pain

– pain when urinating

The cervix is ​​the part between the vagina and the uterus when cervical cells are abnormal. With the rapid increase in numbers, it may develop into Cervical cancer Cervical cancer is another cancer that is dangerous if it is not detected or not treated properly.

Causes of Cervical Cancer

Most cervical cancer is caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), the same virus that causes it. Genital warts, which the HPV virus has, is found in hundreds of different strains. But there are two strains that can cause cervical cancer: HPV-16 and HPV-18.However, for people with HPV-16 and HPV-18, it doesn’t mean they have cervical cancer at all. Because the body is able to get rid of these infections within 2 years, in most cases, HPV infection is transmitted through skin contact, either through trauma or sexual intercourse. HPV can also cause other cancers, such as:

– vulvar cancer

– vaginal cancer

– penis cancer

– rectal cancer

– cancer of the throat

How to prevent cervical cancer or reduce HPV infection?

Birth prevention Cervical cancer The best is There are several things you can do to reduce your HPV risk:

Vaccination

Vaccination against HPV is a safe and effective method. Can prevent cervical cancer And diseases that can be caused by HPV virus, the ideal age group for vaccination is 9-45 years, although there are many different strains of HPV. But the vaccination is used to protect against HPV-16 and HPV-18 strains.

Cervical cancer screening

Admission Cervical screening is another method that can help prevent the development of cervical cancer. By screening Cervical cancer can be diagnosed from the age of 21-65 years. An annual examination is considered to help prevent it.

Protect while having sex

Sexual intercourse is another common cause of HPV transmission.Protection while having sex, such as wearing a condom, can help reduce your chances of HPV infection, however, you can still get HPV locally. Other Who can not wear a condom Therefore, wearing a condom may not provide complete protection from HPV infection.Having only one sexual partner is a great way to reduce HPV infection.

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